The Megalith Movers Prehistoric Engineering
Fitting the Pyramid Casing Stone Blocks: No Ramps, No ropes, No Problem    In order to get to fitting the pyramid casing stone blocks, let's fast forward a few months.    In the sandstone quarry sheer weight of numbers is having the desired effect and finished stone blocks are appearing at the surface every few minutes. At each elevator these blocks are being elevated and passed down the line, although it may take an hour or more for each individual block to be raised the 20ft to the top of the elevator, with dozens of different lines in operation, one block is being dispatched to the next elevator in line every few minutes. Slowly but surely the conveyors are moving growing lines of blocks towards the pyramid site, all this is being done without unduly tiring the workforce and the number of blocks in transit increases with every passing day.    We'll fast forward again and now the first block has arrived. From this moment on a new block will arrive somewhere at the site every few minutes.    The bedrock on the site has been levelled, or at least a wide area round the perimeter as been levelled, in the central area which will be filled with waste this will not be necessary.    Work can now begin on the building and the blocks that form the first layer of the stepped central core are quickly rolled into position, the wooden rollers dismantled and sent back to the quarry for reuse, while the first block is laid. This first layer contains more blocks than any other but because the men are working at ground level the work proceeds quickly. As this layer is being laid the first of the boats containing the first of the limestone casing blocks arrives at the nearby dry dock where another line of conveyors is waiting to deliver them to the site.    The first limestone casing block, one of the specially designed corner stones and also one of the heaviest in this layer, now arrives and it's placement is supervised personally by the chief architect assisted by the chief stonemason, a man highly skilled in this type of work but now too old for anything more than a supervisory role.    The second of the pyramid casing stone blocks is now waiting to be laid next to the corner block but before it's finally moved into place the adjoining surfaces are spread with a special thin mortar. This is also used on the area of bedrock that will be covered by the second block.    The chemical composition of this mortar is known to science but what it was made of is still unknown. I would suggest that the formula might have been learned from the Chinese where mortar for The Great Wall is known to contain rice powder. This special mortar can still be seen today where the blocks on the wall have weathered but the mortar remains, now protruding from between courses.    Two teams of men are now at work, one on the stepped core and one on the facing stones each supervised by skilled stonemasons, more teams of men are also at work preparing the blocks and moving them as close as possible to their final position.    On the adjacent wall another two teams of men, and their support workers are also busy and as soon as they have worked their way far enough from the corner, a team of carpenters arrive to construct the first of the elevators that will be used to lift the quarry-waste to the top of the wall. When this as been completed, after just a few hours, as the elevator has been prefabricated off site and just needs assembling, a team of elevator operatives arrives closely followed by the first container of infill for the core. Now more teams begin filling in the first level working inwards from the first corner to be completed.    Again everything proceeds with the minimum possible effort, The wooden containers are elevated to the first level still encased in the rollers and rolled to were needed before being partly dismantled to allow the top of the box to be removed. With the top removed the contents are then tipped off the wall into the interior.    The first layer of the pyramid which will contain the most material, will be the easiest to complete in terms of the time taken to place each block, as working at ground level makes everything easier. But in terms of the sheer number of blocks to be laid will be the most time consuming. Another thing to consider is the fact that as the first layer covers a greater surface area than subsequent layers more workers can be accommodated within this area. As the pyramid slowly gets higher, at a fairly early stage a few of these workers will have to be made redundant. These men would then be redeployed on one of the smaller pyramids that were to be built nearby.    Eventually the first ring of the stepped pyramid will be completed and then the team employed will start on the second layer at the corner they began the first. During the time they were working on the first ring the facing blocks have been laid outside and a wide platform of infill has been put in place extending some way into the interior bringing the surface up to the same level as the top of the first ring.    The next layer of the stepped pyramid is started with the corner block being put in place resting partly on the first ring and partly on the infill. As the team will be working relativity close to the ground and have a wide flat surface to work on this ring will be progressed almost as easily as the first and because they have a few less blocks to lay may be completed more quickly.    At this stage I will explain how the design of the elevators at the pyramid site is adapted to cope with the sloping face of the pyramid. As we are still close to ground level this is easy to accomplish for the first 20 ft or so. In fact it is not so difficult to elevate the material all the way up to the top of the pyramid. The difficulty arises because the team laying the facing stones need a working area that enables them to work both inside and outside the finished wall. This can be accomplished by providing the team with a simple wooden scaffold to work on that extends all the way round the pyramid.    As regards the elevators the first step up will be the easiest, as at this stage we only have to lift the material a few feet. Below is a sketch of a section of the wall built to a height of about 20 feet:    As the two teams working on the stepped wall make progress in opposite directions around the pyramid they are followed by two teams of scaffolders who are in-turn followed by the two teams laying the facing blocks. At the same time many many more teams are working on the infill.    As each layer is completed the amount of blocks and infill needed for the next layer decreases, but the savings in time and manpower are somewhat offset by the fact that this material has to be elevated higher up the pyramid. However all things considered I tend to think that each subsequent layer will be completed noticeably quicker than the last. The floors walls and ceilings of the internal rooms and passages are created in that order as the building progresses.    I'll elaborate with a short description of how the Kings Chamber may have been created. When the infill has reached the correct height, the floor of the chamber is laid along with the first course of the walls. Each subsequent course is then laid as and when the infill reaches the correct level. In consequence the workers involved are, to all intents and purposes working at ground level.    In the meantime the massive 60 ton slabs of Granite that make up the ceiling of the Kings Chamber have started arriving at the pyramid site. (I believe the easiest way to transport these slabs is to use my stone-rowing technique which is capable of moving each of these heavy slabs the relatively short distance uphill from the dry- dock to the site using a workforce of only 80 men.)    Once at the site the slabs are encased in a long wooden cylinder and rolled onto the elevator, lifted to the present level of the construction and rolled off. The roller is then de-constructed and the parts are returned for use on the next slab, while the first slab is manoeuvred into position again using the stone-rowing technique.    To summarise, while the Great Pyramid is indeed one of the marvels of the ancient world there is nothing mystical about it's construction. The Ancient Egyptians didn't need help from aliens to complete any single part of the construction. The Egyptians themselves had centuries of experience in building Pyramids which they put to good use. They didn't need massive earth and stone ramps, or slaves, or Elephants. They knew exactly what they were doing and organised the build as they had done many times before but on a bigger scale. They were the masters of their craft and should be given due credit for the fact.    Gordon Pipes return to top of this page

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