The Megalith Movers Prehistoric Engineering
Building The Great Pyramid: The Egyptian Stone Elevator    The idea for the Egyptian stone elevator for building the Great Pyramid grew in my mind after I realized that lifting a stone vertically was much easier than moving the same stone sideways. The seed of this idea was sown during my stone-rowing experiments when I realized that by rowing a stone uphill I was not only moving the stone to the top of a hill but while I was doing so I was inadvertently storing up energy in the stone which could be used to move the stone down the other side.    This idea grew as I was experimenting with a way to place the lintel stones on top of the uprights at Stonehenge. (See film clip on the right.) I was using a crib and levers to elevate the lintel stone by degrees when I again realised I was storing up energy in the stone, this time potentially lethal energy, as the stone was no longer in direct contact with the ground.    These ideas took on a different direction when I was looking at another website where a guy called Wally Wallington was using a double fulcrum type of leverage to both move and elevate heavy stones.    Wally's site is well worth a look and contains many original ideas, but, and this is not meant as a criticism, Wally seems to be more interested in what he can achieve single-handed, while I am more interested in what a team of men can achieve. Basically I am more interested in what our ancestors did and how they may have done it.    Anyway having given Wally full credit for introducing me to the idea of the double fulcrum I began to think of a way I could use this idea to solve a mystery concerning the Great Pyramid of Giza. Namely, how did the builders transport more than 2 million 300,000 stone blocks from the quarries to the pyramid building site? These stone blocks each weigh from 2 to 60 tons! I won't dwell on this, the figures speak for themselves, but I will just say that I don't believe any of the theories found in books or on the internet.    The Great Pyramid at Giza is, in my opinion, without doubt the greatest engineering feat ever accomplished on earth from the dawn of mankind to the present day. The limestone facing blocks, 144,000 of them each weighing up to 30 tons are cut, shaped and polished to a tolerance of 100th of an inch and fitted together so closely that it is impossible to slid even the thinnest knife blade between them.    Yet we are asked to believe that a people capable of such a feat, built this pyramid using nothing but brute force and unlimited manpower? That these same people used crude earth ramps to elevate the stones to the required height? That they could think of no easier way to transport this material than dragging such stones along on wooden sledges? Enough said I think.    If theories of alien involvement are to be discounted, and as I write this the idea is becoming more and more attractive, then a way must be found to make the job easier. We must give the ancient Egyptians full credit for their undoubted intelligence. We must use economy of effort at every single stage of the build, at every part of every stage, each small task must be scrutinised and accomplished in an energy efficient way.  Only in this way can we hope to replicate what the original builders did. Brute force is not an option.    Dragging heavy stones on sledges up earth ramps? Forget it. Any team attempting this for real would become physically exhausted in minutes rather than hours. Every member of the entire workforce must be able to work steadily and tirelessly day after day for years on end. Only in this way could building the Great Pyramid have been achieved.    So, let's start at the beginning with the quarrying of the stone. Here  we have solid evidence in the quarries as to how the stones where cut, the marks are still there today showing the evidence in the remaining surfaces of how lines of men pounded away at the different layers of rock with pounding stones, which also remain as evidence of how the stones where quarried.    As I have already said before on this site I can see no way of improving on the productivity of this operation. But nature made the job much easier than it might have been. Both the sandstone that make up the core of the pyramid and the limestone used for the casing stones are sedimentary stone, that is to say they were laid down as sediment at the bottom of some ocean millions of years before and luckily for the Egyptian labourers they where laid down in layers of different thickness’s, which can be split fairly easily.    Also both sandstone and limestone are comparatively soft when freshly quarried. Even so the amount of labour required for the quarrying of the 2 million 300 thousand stones needed for the project, must have used much of the available workforce, even if a great percentage of the material was just rough undressed rubble.    This being so we must make remarkable savings in manpower and effort with the workforce left available.    I'll start with the transport, and my idea for an elevator, actually  this is more than just an elevator but something more like a human powered conveyor. The whole operation is based on Wally's idea of the double fulcrum. We start at ground level with a long baulk of timber (a tree truck partially squared) resting on our double fulcrum. See sketch below:    As you can see from the pic above when a team of men step onto the baulk of timber on the right their combined weight will tilt the timber causing that end of the timber to descend into the pit cut into the ground and will at the same time cause the other end of the timber to rise exposing the left-hand fulcrum. The original 2in by 2in fulcrum on the left is then removed and replaced by a 4in by 4in fulcrum. See sketch below:    The team of men on the right then step off and a new team step on the left end of the baulk of timber. This will cause the timber to tilt the other way and because the baulk is now higher from the ground level than it was, the fulcrum on the right can be replaced with a 4in by 4in fulcrum with the original 2in by 2in placed on top. See next sketch below:    We continue in this manner until we reach the required height, about 20ft or two stories. We can elevate each end 4 inches at a time simply by having a team at each end stepping on and off. We will also need a couple of men at the balance point feeding the fulcrums into place as required and some scaffolders at each end to provide working platforms that rise in conjunction with the ends.    None of the participants will be required to work physically hard and so will be easily able to work a full 12 hour shift day after day year after year. I would estimate that a well practised crew would be able to elevate each stone, move this stone onto the next stage of the conveyor and return the elevator back to ground level ready for the next stone in perhaps one hour.    How this conveyor works I will come to shortly but by lifting the stone to a height of 20ft we will have created a tremendous amount of stored energy in the stone. If we are to prove that our ancestors could have built the Great Pyramid without alien help we must use this energy sparingly gaining the best possible distance between each lifting station. I envisage maybe hundreds of such lifting stations stretching in a line from the quarry to the site of the pyramid and maybe 10 or more lines stretching from different parts of the quarry to different sides of the pyramid. Continue reading click here return to top of this page

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