The Megalith Movers Prehistoric Engineering
The Egyptian Elevator and Stone Conveyor: Ancient Egyptians Were Saving Energy  Previous page click here    This investment of time and effort constructing all these lifting stations, basically the Egyptian elevator and stone conveyor, will be repaid many times over as each station will be used thousands of times during the construction of the pyramid.    Below is a sketch of one of these stations:      Up to present during this article I have shown the stone being transported, as just a block of stone resting on the balance point of the lifting device. And as these ideas were forming in my mind that was how I saw it myself, but now I see this block of stone encased in a wooden cylinder.    A cylinder that can be easily rolled off the lifting device and onto a platform before being pushed down a gently downward-sloping wooden track-way that leads to the base of the next lifting station. Thus the stone is transported from point A to point B without the use of brute force. In fact without any real physical human energy at all, the ancient Egyptians were saving energy.    Below is a sketch of a simple wooden cylinder encasing our stone.    The ends of the cylinder are constructed from wooden planks and attached to the stone while the stone is supported above the ground enabling the bottom section to be built underneath the stone. The top section is then constructed and the top and bottom are held together by the left and right hand sides, the planks of which extend past and become part of the top and bottom section.    Holes are then formed in the ends and poles (here coloured red) are passed through the holes to hold the whole thing rigid.    There are a few more details to this construction that I have omitted for the sake of clarity but this construction would have been well within the capabilities of the Ancient Egyptians.    I have omitted a few technical details from the drawings above, going into every last detail would only make things more complicated than necessary, but you can take my word as a professional carpenter that the ancient Egyptians had all the expertise and materials required to construct the Egyptian elevator, the lifting stations and the rollers. The proof being found in the life-scale wooden sewn-plank boat discovered buried in a pit near the base of the Great Pyramid.    Let's imagine the scenario at the beginning. The new Pharaoh has just ascended to the throne of the most powerful nation on earth. He sends for the greatest architect in the land and tells him he wants the biggest pyramid ever built and promises him unlimited money and resources.    The architect knows this must be fully completed during the Pharaohs lifetime and he sets to work immediately. Knowing from experience that he will need millions of stone blocks for the building, he recruits thousands upon thousands of quarry workers and sets them to work. At the same time he employs thousands more workers to level the area of bedrock he has chosen for the site of what will be The Great Pyramid.  They set about making this area absolutely level by creating a low wall or dam round the perimeter of the site and flooding the whole area. Any of the bedrock which shows above the level of the water is then pounded away systematically until in time the whole area is perfectly flat with not a single puddle anywhere.    Meanwhile thousands of tons of timber are being shipped from nearby Lebanon. As soon as this arrives thousands of carpenters are employed building lifting stations in the quarry, and line upon line of lifting stations linked by declining track-ways from all corners of the quarry to the pyramid site.    Thousands more carpenters are employed making the roller cylinders and as soon as the first block is finished this is encased in a roller and rolled onto the first lifting station.    In an area near the quarry thousands of temporary living units have been constructed for the workers and their families along with schools, bakeries, slaughter houses, breweries and everything else needed to keep the workers fed, fit and happy. This is matched by another temporary small town near the pyramid site teaming with people going about their daily business.    Far away along the Nile the Granite quarry at Aswan echoes with the sound of workers pounding away at the hard unforgiving Granite needed for the 80 or so 60 ton slabs which will form the roof of the kings chamber. Nearby on the banks of the Nile more carpenters are busy building the great barges which will be used to ferries these heavy stones along the Nile to Gaza.    At another place along the Nile in the limestone quarry, thousands more quarry workers are toiling away wresting the great blocks of limestone from the ground, which will be used for the facing stones. While nearby the highly skilled stonemasons are studying detailed drawings of the particular casing stone they will be working on.    Again a temporary town has been constructed to house all these workers and their families.    In the capital city thousands of clerks are hard at working paying the tradesmen and hauliers employed on this undertaking. Accountants are also hard at work accounting for every penny of the kings money. The whole of the resources of the most powerful nation on earth are being poured into the Great Pyramid project. And yet Egypt grows richer, trade is increasing trade.  In Lebanon businessmen made rich by supplying the Project with Lebanese Cedar are spending their money in Egypt on the finest silk imported from China. In thousands of ways trade is increasing trade and the money supply is also increasing. Even the lowest labourer is secure in the knowledge that he has 20 years paid work in front of him.    Back at the sandstone quarry the first block has reached ground level and while this has been in the course of elevation other blocks at other elevators have set out for the surface. The first block then starts on it's journey to the pyramid site again by being elevated and then by using the energy stored in the elevated stone to power it onwards to the next lifting station. All this is achieved not by defying gravity but by using gravity.    Gravity is used to elevate the stone (that is gravity acting on the elevating team's body weight) and gravity acting on the elevated stone propels this stone down the slope towards the next lifting station.    During the course of the next few weeks every team at every Egyptian elevator will each have become one well practised unit all working together and human nature being what it is, friendly competition will break out spontaneously between the teams. This rivalry will drive productivity to the maximum and will be repeated all the way to the pyramid site as well as at the site.    So far I've talked about the sandstone core blocks for the stepped core of the pyramid, the limestone casing blocks and the granite blocks from Aswan. But the bulk of the pyramid consists of rough un-worked stone and infill. I believe this was probably quarry waste from the nearby sandstone quarry. As with every piece of stone in the pyramid a way must be found to deliver this material to where it is needed in the most effortless way possible.    As we already have a most efficient system set up for the transport of stone blocks, I propose we use the same system for transporting the quarry waste. This can be done by constructing large stout wooden boxes, filling them with the quarry waste as it is being produced, sealing the boxes with a stout wooden lid and then encasing the box in a roller or cylinder as we did with the blocks. The waste or infill can then be timed to arrive at the pyramid site as and when needed.    In fact thinking about this as I write, I think it is highly probable that every piece of stone was timed to arrive at the pyramid site as and when needed, each block of stone arriving and being put in it's appointed place straight from the stone conveyor. The first ring of the stepped core followed by boxes of rough infill and then the outer casing stones from the limestone quarry. This would be the most efficient way of building the Great Pyramid. Maybe the Japanese were not the first people to use the “just in time” method of manufacturing.    Perhaps even the architect's department was producing individual drawings for each block, for the stonemasons on the same, as and when needed, basis. This would explain why some of the heavier blocks appear at higher levels in the finished pyramid. The lower levels had been produced from the earlier levels in the quarry and some of the stones from higher in the pyramid had been produced from layers of stone found deeper in the quarry which may have been much thicker.    The chief architect would have known the overall dimensions of the pyramid and the angle of the sides but could have tailored the minor details to make best use of the thickness of each layer available from the Quarries. return to top of this page

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Hapshetsut Obelisk - The Egyptian Elevator and Stone Conveyor: Ancient Egyptians were saving energy The Egyptian Elevator and Stone Conveyor: Ancient Egyptians were saving energy  The ends of the cylinder are constructed from wooden planks and attached to the stone while the stone is supported above the ground enabling the bottom section to be built underneath the stone. The top section is then constructed and the top and bottom a
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